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Effect of Mycorrhizal Provision and Watering Frequency on Productivity and Fresh Material of Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench)
Yustus Serani No Mbeong, Nafiatul Umami, Chusnul Hanim, Andriyani Astuti, Muhlisin Muhlisin, Eka Rizky Vury Rahayu

Last modified: 2021-09-04

Abstract


Sorghum is a cereal crop that has the potential to be developed as animal feed. Sorghum plant experiencing drough stress will decrease their productivity. This study aimed to determine the productivity of sorghum (height gain, length increase, number of leaves and stem diameter) and fresh weight of sorghum plant. The research treatments were mycorrhizal levels and watering frequency using a completely randomized design with a 3x3 factorial pattern. The mycorrhizal fungi provision consisted of three levels, namely without mycorrhizal (M0), mycorrhizal 10 g/polybag (M10), and mycorrhizal 20 g/polybag (M20). The frequency of watering consisted of watering everyday (A1), watering every four days (A4), and watering every eight days (A8). The provision of mycorrhizae significantly affected the productivity of sorghum and fresh weight of sorghum (p<0.05). The difference in watering frequency affected the increase in sorghum plant height (p<0.05). However, it did not significantly affect the increase in length, stem diameter, number of leaves, and fresh weight of sorghum. In conclusion, the provision of mycorrhizae 10 g/polybag increased the productivity of sorghum, fresh weight, and the frequency of watering every four days can increase the height of sorghum.


Keywords


Mycorrhizal levels, produktivity, sorghum, watering frequency