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Improving The Sustainability of Cocoa Smallholders Farming in Aceh, Indonesia
Elvira Iskandar, Siti Amanah, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Dwi Sadono, Litna Nurjannah Ginting

Last modified: 2021-09-01

Abstract


Cocoa is the main plantation commodity in Aceh as Aceh government reinforces Aceh as the national cocoa resource. Various efforts have been performed through many development and training programs for sustainable cocoa production. This study was aimed to identify the sustainability of cocoa smallholder farming based on the ecological, economical, and social aspects. This study was conducted in Aceh Tenggara and Pidie Jaya District. The study method used descriptive-quantitative method by calculating the score range of sustainability level. The result showed that cocoa smallholders challenged sustainability problems based on ecological, economical, and social aspects. The sustainability of cocoa smallholder farming in Aceh Tenggara District achieves a better performance based on the economical, ecological, and social sustainability aspects than in Pidie Jaya District.


Keywords


Cocoa, smallholders, sustainability