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High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Composite Mixed with Azadirachta excelsa (Sentang) Tree Waste Flour: Mechanical and Physical Properties
Aina Munirah Zakaria, Mohd Ariff Jamaludin, Mohd Nazarudin Zakaria, Rohana Hassan, Shahril Anuar Bahari

Last modified: 2021-10-09

Abstract


This article presents the application of plantation waste materials (leaves, branches and trunks) of Azadirachta excelsa (Sentang) tree in order to evaluate and compare their suitability as reinforcement and filler for high density polyethylene (HDPE) thermoplastics. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different types of Azadirachta excelsa (Sentang) trunks flour, branches flour and leaves flour fillers on the mechanical and physical properties of HDPE composite. The composite samples were produced using 25%, 35% and 45% by weight of flour filler loading and 2% coupling agent (maleic anhydride) using a twin-screw extruder, followed by injection molding process. The flexural modulus and tensile strength of the composite filled with trunk flour were not significantly different with the composite-filled branch flour. However, there is a significant difference between composite-filled leaf flour when compared to both composite-filled trunk flour and composite-filled branch flours. Overall, composite samples with trunk flour show better mechanical properties, while composite samples with lower filler loadings of 25% exhibit better dimensional stability compared to the other such as 35% and 45% filler loadings. The study also indicated that composite filled with leaf, branch and trunk flours had better mechanical strength than virgin HDPE.

 


Keywords


Composite; Wood; Polymer