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Rice growth phase analysis in Pidie regency, Indonesia using multitemporal Sentinel-2 image data: a spectral angle mapper approach
Sugianto Sugianto, Nola Lisviananda, Muhammad Rusdi

Last modified: 2021-09-11

Abstract


Remote sensing data provides fast and relatively accurate information to retrieve the plant growth phase using spectral analysis.  Spectral analysis of plants is the critical point of identifying the stages of rice growth using Sentinel-2 data. Sentinel-2 satellite images were utilized for this study.  This study aims to analyze the growth phase of rice in Pidie regency, Aceh Province, Indonesia, as a sample area of the rice-growing site.  The Spectral Angle Mapper (SAM) approach was performed to describe the plant growth stages. The results show variations in the rice growth phase across the study area for 2019, 2020, and 2021 growing seasons from vegetative, generative, wet fallow, and dry fallow. The most extensive vegetative phase is for April 2021 data, counting for 1,278.16 Ha. The most extensive generative phase was identified of June 2020 data, counting for 1,107.55 Ha. For wet fallow, counting for 949,30 Ha is the largest in this category. A total of 1,311.94 Ha of dry fallow is identified in 2019.  The different growth phases and the total area for different years indicate variation in starting for the growing season of the sample location.  In this paper, multitemporal Sentinel-2 data analyzed with the SAM approach has demonstrated identifying rice-growing season phases. This finding can help predict the total area along the year for a change of the pattern of the rice-growing season in the last three years of the study area.


Keywords


Rice growth, Sentinel-2, Spectral Angle Mapper, Pidie