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Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Calotropis gigantea and its characterization using UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Pati Kemala, Khairan Khairan, Trina Ekawati Tallei, Muliadi Ramli, Rustam Efendi, Rinaldi Idroes

Last modified: 2021-10-25


The use of Calotropis gigantea from Ie Seu-Um, Aceh Besar, Indonesia, geothermal area for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized has been reported. The process of synthesis AgNPs can be carried out with chemical methods, physical methods, and green synthesis methods, but in this study, the process is focused on the green synthesis method using C. gigantea flowers and leaves extract from Ie Seu-Um geothermal area, Aceh Besar.  Phytochemical analysis showed that C. gigantea leaves contain alkaloids, steroids, tannins, phenolics, and saponins, while the flowers of C. gigantea contain alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, tannins, phenolics, and saponins. The reaction of the AgNPs formation was observed by colour change formed. AgNPs-C. gigantea flower extract dan AgNPs-C. gigantea leaves extract showed the reddish-brown and brownish-yellow solution respectively after 48 h incubation in dark condition at room temperature.  The result of the reaction characterized using UV-Vis Spectrophotometry showed that the phenomenon of Surface plasmone resonance (SPR) occurs in the mixture of nanoparticles formed. The concentration of AgNO3 as a reagent affected the SPR phenomenon. The result showed that particles formed are the same size and shape.


Green Synthesis Nanoparticles, Silver Nanoparticle, Calotropis gigantea, Geothermal Area, UV-Vis Spectrophotometry