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The Use of Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (NIRS) to Predict Dairy Fibre Feeds In Vitro Digestibility
Rika Zahera, Laila Atika Sari, Idat Galih Permana, Despal Despal

Last modified: 2021-10-02


Information on dairy fiber feed digestibility is important in ration formulation to better predict dairy cattle performance. However, its measurement takes time. Near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) is a rapid, precise, and cost-effective method to predict nutrient value, such as chemical content and digestibility of feedstuffs. This study aims to develop a database for an in vitro digestibility prediction model using NIRS, including dry matter digestibility (DMD), neutral and acid detergent fiber digestibility (NDFD and ADFD), and hemicellulose digestibility (HSD). Eighty dietary fiber feeds consisting of Napier grass, natural grass, rice straw, corn stover, and corn husk were collected from four dairy farming areas in West Java (Cibungbulang District of Bogor Regency, Parung Kuda District of Sukabumi Regency, Pangalengan District of Bandung Regency and Lembang District of West Bandung Regency). The spectrum for each sample was collected thrice using NIRSflex 500, which was automatically separated by 2/3 for calibration and 1/3 for validation. External validation was conducted by measuring 20 independent samples. Calibration and validation models were carried out by NIRCal V5.6 using the partial least squares (PLS) regression. The results showed that all parameters produce r2 > 0.5 except for ADFD. Relative prediction deviation (RPD) > 1.5 was only found in hemicellulose digestibility prediction. RPL (SEP/SEL) < 1.0 were found in DMD and hemicellulose digestibility. It is concluded that hemicellulose digestibility can be predicted using NIRS accurately while other parameters need improvement


dairy fiber feed, digestibility, NIRS, calibration, validation