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Screening factors affecting chitosan extraction from mud crab (Scylla sp) shell using microwave irradiation for the Response Surface Approach
Normalina Arpi, Fahrizal Fahrizal, Yanti Meldasari Lubis, Asmawati Asmawati, Muhammad Tryvan Fayyadh, Yuniar Atmajaya

Last modified: 2021-10-06


Extracting chitosan from crab shell using conventional method requires processing in strong acid and alkali conditions under high temperature with long reaction time. Microwave-based extraction proposes shorter processing time, and hence energy and cost efficient. This study intended to screen factors affecting the extraction of chitosan from mud crab shell using microwave irradiation. The factors would be used in Response Surface Methodology (RSM) approach to obtain the optimum conditions for chitosan extraction. Microwave irradiation was employed in all of the three steps of chitosan extraction, the demineralization, deproteination, and deacetylation processes. A fractional factorial design was used to screen eight independent factors to determine the most significant ones to be optimized to determine the maximum value of four responses, which were yield, mineral removal, degree of deacetylation and moisture content. The results show that all of the main independent variables were significant in affecting minimal one of the 4 responses (P < 0.05). Mud crab chitosan had the degree of deacetylation of 87.72 – 95.13 %. Results of the screening analysis concluded, the main independent factors that are going to be applied in the optimization study are NaOH concentration, microwave oven power, and reaction time in deacetylation process.