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The Effect of Propolis and Non Propolis Toothpastes on Salivary pH of Children of National Primary School (SDN) 62 Banda Aceh
Ainun Mardiah, Reca Reca, Ika Kana Kana Trisnawati

Last modified: 2019-03-13


Caries can be prevented by maintaining cleanliness of the oral cavity. There are many ways to maintain oral hygiene, one of which is to brush the teeth with toothpaste. Many ingredients can stimulate salivary secretion, including propolis, a natural antibiotic with no side effects. Propolis can also reduce plaque on the teeth, which helps increase salivary pH. This study aimed to investigate the effect of using propolis and non propolis toothpastes on children’s salivary pH. The study used the quasi-experimental method. The subjects in this study were all grade 5 students of National Primary School (SDN) 62 Banda Aceh totalling 60 children, taken using purposive sampling technique. The subjects were then divided into two groups, with 30 students each: group I brushing teeth using propolis toothpaste and group II brushing teeth using non propolis toothpaste. The data were analysed by employing paired sample t-test. The results showed that there was a difference in the salivary acidity (pH) before and after brushing teeth using non propolis toothpaste with a mean difference of 1.02 (p=.000), whereas the acidity (pH) of saliva before and after brushing teeth with propolis toothpaste had a mean difference of 2.22 (p=.000). It can be concluded that the use of toothpaste containing propolis was more effective for increasing the acidity (pH) level of saliva. It is recommended that there be socialization in the use of toothpaste containing propolis as an effort to prevent dental and oral diseases (e.g. dental caries, gingivitis, and periodontitis)

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